NOTE: In 1983, prior to the official establishment of the National Medal of
Arts, the following artists and patrons received a medal from President Reagan at a White House
luncheon arranged by the President's Committee on the Arts and the Humanities. They were: (artists)
Pinchas Zukerman, Frederica Von Stade, Czeslaw Milosz, Frank Stella, Philip Johnson, and Luis
Valdez; (patrons) The Texaco Philanthropic Foundation, James Michener,* Philip Morris, Inc., The
Cleveland Foundation, Elma Lewis, and The Dayton Hudson Foundation.