Judd purchased the buildings at La Mansana de Chinati/The Block in 1973 and 1974. Consisting of living and working spaces, the Block is the site of some of his first large architectural projects and installations. Measuring one full city block, the property includes an historic World War I military workshop and the former offices of the U.S. Army's Quarter Master Corps. Judd enclosed the complex with high adobe walls made in part from salvaged 19th-century adobe, creating a private courtyard landscaped with cactus gardens, cottonwood trees, and his designs for outdoor furniture. The two largest buildings in the complex, to the east and to the west, were refurbished by Judd and were installed predominantly with works by Judd from the 1960s and 1970s, as well as his personal collections of art, furniture, artifacts, and his expansive personal library. At the north end of the courtyard, Judd installed a concrete pool and pergola, as well as a year-round garden and greenhouse, which were restored in 2004.
La Mansana de Chinati, Courtyard. Courtesy Judd Foundation Archive. Art © Judd Foundation. Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY